ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Material Selection for Micro Channel Heat Exchangers for Industrial Waste Heat Recovery



Vol. 6, Issue 11, PP. 406-413, November 2019

DOI

Keywords: Cambridge Engineering Selector, Micro channel heat exchanger, Materials selection

Download PDF


The aim of this paper is to provide the software-based materials selection approach for the micro channel heat exchanger for high-temperature industrial waste heat recovery. Industrial heat processing and heat recovery places increasing demand for material performance in extreme conditions. These extreme conditions accelerate the materials degradation in turn leading to performance and efficiency reduction. Therefore the development of new compatible materials demand material qualification for the miniaturized technology to function over a long period of time with full efficiency. This paper proposes methodology for the material identification and selecting  appropriate material for the micro channel heat exchanger to recover high-temperature (>500℃) industrial waste heat. Thermally stable materials such as aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, alumina, tungsten carbide, tungsten alloys, and nickel and TZM alloys were observed to perform exceptionally well in extreme condition. Thus silicon carbide, aluminum nitride and molybdenum TZM alloys were selected as the most promising materials for micro channel heat exchanger recover high-temperature (500-750 ℃) waste heat from different industries.  


Wiqas Alam: Mechanical Department, NWFP, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar


Wiqas Alam Material Selection for Micro Channel Heat Exchangers for Industrial Waste Heat Recovery International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 6 Issue 11 PP. 406-413 November 2019


[1]      Tuckerman, D. B. and R. F. W. Pease (1981). "High-performance heat sinking for VLSI." IEEE Electron device letters 2(5): 126-129.

[2]      Dixit, T. and I. Ghosh (2015). "Review of micro-and mini-channel heat sinks and heat exchangers for single phase fluids." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 41: 1298-1311.  

[3]      Knight, R. W., et al. (1992). "Heat sink optimization with application to microchannels." IEEE Transactions on Components, Hybrids, and Manufacturing Technology 15(5): 832-842.

[4]      Lee, J., et al. (2005). "Optimum design of cold-formed steel channel beams using micro Genetic Algorithm." Engineering Structures 27(1): 17-24.

[5]      Riera, S., et al. (2015). "Stepwise varying width microchannel cooling device for uniform wall temperature: Experimental and numerical study." Applied Thermal Engineering 78: 30-38.

[6]      Harms, T. M., et al. (1999). "Developing convective heat transfer in deep rectangular microchannels." International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 20(2): 149-157.

[7]      Mohammed, H., et al. (2011). "Heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics in microchannels heat exchanger using nanofluids: a review." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15(3): 1502-1512.

[8]      Segre, G. and A. Silberberg (1962). "Behaviour of macroscopic rigid spheres in Poiseuille flow Part 2. Experimental results and interpretation." Journal of fluid mechanics 14(1): 136-157.

[9]      Kan, M., et al. (2015). "Plate heat exchangers as a compact design and optimization of different channel angles." Acta Physica Polonica A 12: 49-52.

[10]   Peng, X. and G. Peterson (1996). "Convective heat transfer and flow friction for water flow in microchannel structures." International journal of heat and mass transfer 39(12): 2599-2608

[11]   Wu, H. and P. Cheng (2003). "An experimental study of convective heat transfer in silicon microchannels with different surface conditions." International journal of heat and mass transfer 46(14): 2547-2556.

[12]   Jiang, P.-X., et al. (2001). "Thermal–hydraulic performance of small scale micro-channel and porous-media heat-exchangers." International journal of heat and mass transfer 44(5): 1039-1051.

[13]   Westphalen, D. and S. Koszalinski (1999). "Energy consumption characteristics of commercial building HVAC systems. Volume II: Thermal Distribution, auxiliary equipment, and ventilation." Arthur D. Little Inc (ADLI) 20(October): 33745-33700.

[14]   Kandlikar, S., et al. (2005). Heat transfer and fluid flow in minichannels and microchannels, elsevier.

[15]   Pettersen, J., et al. (1998). "Development of compact heat exchangers for CO2 air-conditioning systems." International journal of refrigeration 21(3): 180-193.

[16]   Han, Y., et al. (2012). "A review of development of micro-channel heat exchanger applied in air-conditioning system." Energy Procedia 14: 148-153.

[17]   Leland, J. E. and R. Ponnappan (2001). Method of making micro channel heat pipe having corrugated fin elements, Google Patents.

[18]   [18]     Harris, C., et al. (2000). "Design and fabrication of a cross flow micro heat exchanger." Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems 9(4): 502-508.

[19]   Min, J. K., et al. (2009). "High temperature heat exchanger studies for applications to gas turbines." Heat and mass transfer 46(2): 175.

[20]   Sommers, A., et al. (2010). "Ceramics and ceramic matrix composites for heat exchangers in advanced thermal systems—a review." Applied Thermal Engineering 30(11-12): 1277-1291.

[21]   Meng, J.-H., et al. (2016). "Performance investigation and design optimization of a thermoelectric generator applied in automobile exhaust waste heat recovery." Energy Conversion and Management 120: 71-80.

[22]   Baek, S., et al. (2010). Micro channel heat exchanger for LNG-FPSO application. The Ninth   ISOPE Pacific/Asia Offshore Mechanics Symposium, International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers.

[23]   Thonon, B. and E. Breuil (2001). Compact heat exchanger technologies for the HTRs recuperator application.

[24]    Kandlikar, S. G. (2005). "High flux heat removal with microchannels—a roadmap of challenges and opportunities." Heat transfer engineering 26(8): 5-14.

[25]   Walpole, J. N. and L. J. Missaggia (1992). Microchannel heat sink with alternating flow directions, Google Patents.

[26]   Reuse, P., et al. (2004). "Hydrogen production for fuel cell application in an autothermal micro-channel reactor." Chemical Engineering Journal 101(1-3): 133-141.

[27]   Li, Q., et al. (2011). "Compact heat exchangers: A review and future applications for a new generation of high temperature solar receivers." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15(9): 4855-4875.

[28]   Silvestri, S. and E. Schena (2012). "Micromachined flow sensors in biomedical applications." Micromachines 3(2): 225-243.

[29]   Qu, W. and I. Mudawar (2002). "Experimental and numerical study of pressure drop and heat transfer in a single-phase micro-channel heat sink." International journal of heat and mass transfer 45(12): 2549-2565.

[30]   Liu, X. and J. Yu (2016). "Numerical study on performances of mini-channel heat sinks   with non-uniform inlets." Applied Thermal Engineering 93: 856-864.

[31]   Del Col, D., et al. (2011). "Effect of cross sectional shape during condensation in a single square minichannel." International journal of heat and mass transfer 54(17-18): 3909-3920.

[32]   Brandner, J., et al. (2006). "Concepts and realization of microstructure heat exchangers for enhanced heat transfer." Experimental thermal and fluid science 30(8): 801-809.

[33]   [33]     David, M. P., et al. (2011). "Hydraulic and thermal characteristics of a vapor venting two-phase microchannel heat exchanger." International journal of heat and mass transfer 54(25-26): 5504-5516.

[34]    M Kan, O Ipek, B et al. (2015) "Plate heat exchangers as a compact design and optimization of different channel angles" GurelActa Physica Polonica A 12, 49-52

[35]    Liu, N., et al. (2016). "Experimental investigation of condensation heat transfer and pressure drop of propane, R1234ze (E) and R22 in minichannels." Applied Thermal Engineering 102: 63

[36]   Shen, S., et al. (2006). "Flow and heat transfer in microchannels with rough wall surface." Energy Conversion and Management 47(11-12): 1311-1325.

[37]   Peng XF, Peterson GP. The effect of thermo fluid and geometrical parameters on convection of liquids through rectangular micro channels. Int J Heat Mass Transfer 1995; 38: 755–8.

[38]   Peng XF, Peterson GP. Convective heat transfer and flow friction for water flow in micro channel structures. Int J Heat Mass Transfer 1996; 39: 2599–608

[39]   P Chamarthy, SV Garimella, ST Wereley - Measurement of the temperature non-uniformity in a micro channel heat sink using micro-scale laser-induced fluorescence of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2010.

[40]   P Wu, WA Little - Measurement of the heat transfer characteristics of gas flow in fine       channel heat exchangers used for micro miniature refrigerators Cryogenics, 1984.

[41]   Khare, S., Dell’Amico, M., Knight, C., & McGarry, S. (2013). Selection of materials for high temperature sensible energy storage. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 115, 114–122. doi:10.1016/j.solmat.2013.03.009.

[42]   Barreneche, C., Navarro, M. E., Cabeza, L. F., & Fernández, A. I. (2015). New database to select phase change materials: Chemical nature, properties, and applications. Journal of Energy Storage, 3, 18–24. doi:10.1016/j.est.2015.08.003.

[43]   Shanian, A., & Savadogo, O. (2006). A material selection model based on the concept of multiple attribute decision making. Materials & Design, 27(4), 329–337.

[44]   MF Ashby, A Miller, F Rutter, C Seymour, UGK Wegst the CES Eco Selector – Background    Reading – 2009[42] MF Ashby, A Miller, F Rutter, C Seymour, UGK Wegst the CES Eco Selector – Background Reading – 2009.