Electricity is a basic need of humans in this modern era and plays a role of a backbone in our daily life as well as in the economic growth of a country. The efficiency of a power system is very important parameter which helps in analyzing its overall performance. So due to this reason effective and efficient utilization of solar energy is very important. Heat losses occurs in solar panels which reduces power output and hence overall efficiency is decreased. These heat losses can be utilized in such a way that works as waste heat recovery system. This system uses light and heat energy of the sun. When sunlight strikes the PN Junctions of solar PV panels, photovoltaic electricity is produced. Whereas, heat of sun and heat losses in the solar panels can be utilized and temperature difference is created by different means so as to generate electricity using thermoelectric cells (TEC) which works on the principle of Seebeck effect. Electricity generated from both sources can be common pooled and feed to the load either directly or it can be stored in batteries. This makes the system more effective and efficient.
Muhammad Suleman Malik: University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar
Muhammad Naeem Arbab: University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar
Bilal Mehmood: University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar
Haseeb Aman: University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar
Hayat: University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar
Pir Jalal: University of Engineering & Technology Peshawar
Muhammad Suleman Malik Muhammad Naeem Arbab Bilal Mehmood Haseeb Aman Hayat and Pir Jalal Modeling and Simulation of a Novel Module for Thermoelectric Power Generation from Solar Photovolta Vol. 6 Issue 06 PP. 212-216 June 2019 International Journal of Engineering Works
 Trading Economics, "Pakistan Electricity Production," Trading Economics, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://tradingeconomics.com/pakistan/electricity-production.
 Ministry of Finance, "Pakistan Economic Survey 2017-2018," Ministry of Finance, Islamabad, 2017-2018.
 N. M. Kumar, M. S. P. Subathra and J. E. Moses, "On-Grid Solar Photovoltaic System: Components,Design Considerations, and Case Study," in 4th International Conference on Electrical Energy Systems (ICEES), 2018.
 M. P. Monfort, S. L. Oña, D. Ribó-Pérez and S. Z. Djokic, "Modelling and Evaluating Performance of Large Off-Grid PV Systems for Water Pumping," in 2018 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGTEurope), Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, 2018.
 K. Alluhaybi, X. Chen and I. Batarseh, "A Grid Connected Photovoltaic
Microinverter with Integrated Battery," in IECON 2018 - 44th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2018.
 D. A. Tillman, Coal-Fired Electricity and Emissions Control: Efficiency and Effectiveness, Butterworth-Heinemann, Elsevier, 2018.
 U. Pelay, L. Luo, Y. Fan, D. Stitou and MarkRood, "Thermal energy storage systems for concentrated solar power plants," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 79, pp. 82-100, 2017.
 S. Huang and X. Xu, "A regenerative concept for thermoelectric power generation," Applied Energy, vol. 185, pp. 119-125, 1 1 2017.
 M. Md. Kafiul Islam, "Performance assessment and degradation analysis of solar photovoltaic technologies: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 78, pp. 554-587, 2017.
 M. Ibañez-Puy, J. Bermejo-Busto, C. Martín-Gómez, M. Vidaurre-Arbizu and J. Sacristán-Fernández, "Thermoelectric cooling heating unit performance under real conditions", Applied Energy, vol. 200, pp. 303-314, 2017. Available: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.05.020
 D. Zhao and G. Tan, "A review of thermoelectric cooling: Materials, modeling and applications", Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 66, no. 1-2, pp. 15-24, 2014. Available: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.01.074.
 H. Zhang, W. Kong, F. Dong, H. Xu, B. Chen and M. Ni, "Application of cascading thermoelectric generator and cooler for waste heat recovery from solid oxide fuel cells", Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 148, pp. 1382-1390, 2017. Available: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.06.089.
 "Thermoelectrics", Thermoelectrics.matsci.northwestern.edu,2019. [Online].Available: http://thermoelectrics.matsci.northwestern.edu/thermoelectrics/index.html. [Accessed: 20- Jun- 2019].
 D. Li, Y. Xuan, Q. Li and H. Hong, "Exergy and energy analysis of photovoltaic-thermoelectric hybrid systems", Energy, vol. 126, pp. 343-351, 2017. Available: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.03.042.
 H. Zhang, H. Xu, B. Chen, F. Dong and M. Ni, "Two-stage thermoelectric generators for waste heat recovery from solid oxide fuel cells", Energy, vol. 132, pp. 280-288, 2017. Available: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.05.005.
 K. Cheng, J. Qin, Y. Jiang, S. Zhang and W. Bao, "Performance comparison of single- and multi-stage onboard thermoelectric generators and stage number optimization at a large temperature difference", Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 141, pp. 456-466, 2018. Available: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.05.127.