Call for Paper 25 June, 2024. Please submit your manuscript via online system or email at

ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Smart Irrigation System Using Data Analysis

Engr. Muhammad Raees, Engr. Malik Muhammad Suleman Haider, Engr. Sundas, Engr. Syed Ijlal Haider, Engr. Syeda Lubaba Zehra, Engr. Muhammad Sajawal

Vol. 11, Issue 01, PP. 07-20, January 2024


Keywords: Water Scarcity, Microcontroller, Regression Mathematical Model, Parameters of Soil

Download PDF

Random One of the significant issues the World is confronting nowadays is Water scarcity. Water scarcity includes issues of water pressure, water shortage, and other water crises. According to statistics, it has affected about 2.8 billion people worldwide and 1.2 billion people don’t have access to clean drinking water. The water available for people is decreasing day by day and in today world, our earth covers only 2.5% of fresh water and the remaining water is distributed in the shape of glaciers, oceans saline seawater. Out of total water utilization, around 95% of Pakistan water is utilized in the agriculture sector, with 60% of its total population directly associated with the agriculture and livestock sector and 89i90% of its exports are dependent on these sectors. Over 60%of irrigation water is wasted because of using the traditional irrigation system. One of the solutions to overcome the problem of shortage of water is to utilize the water available efficiently and for this purpose, we have designed a Smart Irrigation System. The objective of the project is to irrigate the crops in an effective way to save water. The system is portable and compliant with the current water system. All the sensors Soil Moisture sensor, Humidity and Temperature sensor, and Smoke sensor send the measured values to the Microcontroller. Bluetooth modules are used through which two slave Microcontrollers send the values of Moisture sensors to the master Microcontroller. The master Microcontroller calculates the average of all the moisture sensors and based on the average moisture percentage and temperature and humidity, the pump will be turned on/off. Thus, crops will be receiving the required amount of water only and the field will be saved from under and over irrigation. A user-friendly webpage is developed to help users monitor and control the system. The user can select either manual control for timely irrigation or automatic control using wireless sensors.

  1. Engr.Malik Muhammad Suleman Haider, , COMSATS University Islamabad Attock , Pakistan.
  2. Engr. Sundas Sundas, , COMSATS University Islamabad Attock , Pakistan.
  3. Engr. Syed Ijlal Haider, , COMSATS University Islamabad Attock , Pakistan.
  4. Engr. Syeda Lubaba Zehra, , COMSATS University Islamabad Attock , Pakistan.
  5. Engr. Muhammad Haider, , COMSATS University Islamabad Attock , Pakistan.
  6. Engr. Muhamad Raees, , COMSATS University Islamabad Attock , Pakistan.

Engr. Muhammad Raees Engr. Malik Muhammad Suleman Haider Engr. Sundas Engr. Syed Ijlal Haider Engr. Syeda Lubaba Zehra Engr. Muhammad Sajawal “Smart Irrigation System Using Data Analysis” International Jour Vol. 11 Issue 01 PP. 07-20 January 2024.

[1]     A. S. D. A. C. B. J. W. D. D. Winston Yu, Yi-Chen Yang, and S. Robinson, “the Indus basin of Pakistan,” The Impacts of Climate Risks on Water and Agriculture, 2013.

[2]     M. Elferink and F. Schierhorn, “Global demand for food is rising. can we meet it?” Harvard Business Review, 2016.

[3]     “ use-depth/water/,” ScienceDaily, 2015.

[4]     “ ater-facts-ww-water-sup.html,” Bureau of Reclamation California-Great Basin, 2019.

[5]     B. Kundil“ rt/Pakistan/Pakistan-s-water-crisis-why- national-water-policy-needed,” The Asia Foundation, 2017.

[6]     N. Khanna and P. Solanki, “Role of agriculture in the global economy,” International Conference on Agricultural & Horticultural Sciences, 2014.

[7]     G. Rajakumar, M. S. Sankari, D. Shamuyarira, and S. U. Maheswari, “Iot-based smart agricultural monitoring system,” Asian Journal of Applied Science and Technology (AJAST), vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 474–480, 2018.

[8]     T. H. E. E. R. A. S. R. I. S. A. W. A. T. Narongsak Lekbangpong, Jira Pond Muangprathub, And A. P. I. R. A. T. Wanichsombat, “Precise automation and analysis of environmental factor effects on the growth of St. John’s wort,” IEEE Sensors Journal, 2019.

[9]     A. Na and W. Isaac, “Developing a human-centric agricultural model in the IoT environment,” in 2016 International Conference on Internet of Things and Applications (IOTA), pp. 292–297, IEEE, 2016.

[10]  P. Bhadani and V. Vashisht, “Soil moisture, temperature, and humidity measurement using Arduino,” in 2019 9th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science & Engineering (Confluence), pp.  567–571, IEEE, 2019.

[11]  J. N. K. T. Boobalan. J, Jacintha. V and S. Tamilarasu, “An IoT-based agriculture monitoring system,” International     Conference on Communication and Signal Processing, 2018.

[12]  E.J. Penas and D. T. Lindgren, “A gardener’s guide for soil and nutrient management in growing vegetables,” U.S Department of Agriculture, 1990.

[13]  H. G. SFGATE, “How much water does a        tomato plant need/day?            re- port 2018,” water-tomato-plant-need-day- 55659.html.