ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Comparison of Sound Pressure Level of Conventional and Modified Mufflers by using CFD Analysis


Zahoor UllahORCID.org, Hassan Ahmed, Kareem Akhtar


Vol. 8, Issue 01, PP. 63-67, January 2021

DOI

Keywords: Sound Pressure level, conventional Muffler, Noise, Large Eddy Simulation

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The reduction of noise emitted from the exhaust of an internal combustion engine is a real challenge for all automotive industries. Mufflers are designed to reflect sound waves produced by the engine in such a way as to cancel the effect of each other by destructive interference between the incoming waves from the engine cylinder and reflected waves from the muffler of 2 stroke motorbike engine. Numerical simulation is carried out to study the sound pressure level (SPL) and flow variables like velocity and pressure of conventional and proposed modified reactive muffler. In the numerical investigation of Conventional muffler and modified muffler, the path of exhaust gases in which it flows is analyzed through large eddy simulation and then Fflowcs Williams and Hawking model are utilized to predict the Sound pressure level of the conventional muffler and modified mufflers by using the time flow history of large eddy Simulation at the receiver location and the result of proposed modified muffler is compared with the conventional muffler. By comparing the Sound pressure level (SPL) results of conventional and modified mufflers show that the sound pressure level of the modified muffler - 01 are 5dB less than the conventional muffler and the sound pressure level of the modified muffler - 02 are 15dB less than the conventional muffler which produces sound pressure level of 80dB. The output velocity of exhaust gases is also drop down from 259.1 m/s of the conventional muffler to 182 m/s in modified design-2. So the stack pressure inside the expansion chamber of modified muffler-02 is less than the conventional muffler which creates high backpressure so our objective is achieved.


  1. Zahoor Ullah, engg.zahoor3170@gmail.com, Department of Mechanical Engineering UET, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  2. Hassan Ahmed, , Department of Mechanical Engineering NED Karachi, Pakistan.
  3. Kareem Akhtar , , Department of Mechanical Engineering UET, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Zahoor Ullah Hassan Ahmed Dr. Kareem Akhtar “Comparison of Sound pressure Level of Conventional and Modified Mufflers by International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 8 Issue 01 PP. 63-67 January 2021 https://doi.org/10.34259/ijew.21.8016367.


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[12] Mr.Zahoor Ullah received a degree in B.SC Mechanical engineering from the University of engineering & technology in Peshawar Pakistan in 2015. Currently, he is pursuing an M.S degree in dynamic System engineering from the University of engineering & technology in Peshawar Pakistan.His main research interest in the field of acoustic.