With the rapid increase in need of electricity, electric power system is becoming complex day by day. Different types of generating units and loads are connected with one another to form a huge generating, transmitting and distributing network. Pakistan is being confronted with acute shortage of electric power and measures need to be taken on short terms to tackle these problems. In Distributed generation, DG can be utilized efficiently in such cases due to the reason that DG can be on site generation with less time of installation and generating electricity. However, integrating a DG unit with a distribution system causes some disparities if some issues like proper sizing, capacity and location are not taken into consideration. Theses disparities can be related to voltage profile, stability, power losses, harmonics etc. which can cause damage to different electrical devices and units. Particularly, this research work covers the adverse effects on voltage profile when a DG unit is being integrated with the distribution system without taking its size, capacity and location into consideration together with the methods for alleviating these effects. A 132 kv residential feeder has been taken as a test case. Which is further modeled in Electrical Transient Analyzer Program ETAP. Various tests are taken into consideration to analyze the effects of DG on distribution system. Different cases are being analyzed taking system with and without DG unit installed at different busbars. It has been observed that significant improvement in voltage profile occurred when DG is inserted in system with proper consideration of size location and capacity.This research work can help expanding power system in future and tackling different issues related to voltage profile in distribution sector worldwide and particularly in Pakistan.
Muhammad Salman Amjadullah Khattak Mushtaq Ahmad khan khattak Waqar Hussain “Effects of Dispersed Generation on Voltage Profile and Power Losses” International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 8 Issue 01 PP. 18-30 January 2021 https://doi.org/10.34259/ijew.21.8011830.
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