ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Energy Efficient Routing Protocols and Introduction to Wireless Recharging of Sensor Nodes in Wireless Sensor Networks

Vol. 6, Issue 09, PP. 280-287, September 2019


Keywords: Wireless sensor network (WSN), energy conservation, wireless energy transfer, Routing, energy harvesting

Download PDF

This paper gives a brief review of the concept of sensor networks which has become feasible due to large scale development in micro electro-mechanical systems technology and wireless communications. First of all, sensor node deployment and sensor networks applications are presented, and then various issues regarding sensor node lifetime are discussed. Then, to solve sensor node issues, various energy conservation techniques, their advantages and limitations are discussed. The energy conservation techniques are compared using MATLAB and best routing protocol is shown. Lastly, wireless power transfer to replenish sensor node battery is discussed. A review of wireless power transfer history and various development in this technology is also given to solve the energy issue of sensor node. Research issues for efficiency improvement of wireless sensor network are also discussed.

  1. Farman Ullah:, , Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Farman Ullah Energy Efficient Routing Protocols and Introduction to Wireless Recharging of Sensor Nodes in Wire International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 6 Issue 09 PP. 280-287 September 2019

  1. I.F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, E. Cayirci, “Wireless sensor networks: a survey,” Computer Networks 38 (2002) 393–422.

  2. Xuxun Liu, “A Survey on Clustering Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Vol.12, 2012, pp. 11113-11153.

  3. Ian F. Akyildiz, Weilian Su, Yogesh Sankarasubramaniam, and Erdal Cayirci, “A Survey on Sensor Networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine • August 2002.

  4. David Culler, Deborah Estrin, Mani Srivastava,“Overview of Sensor Networks,”Published by the IEEE Computer Society August 2004.

  5. Nikolaos A. Pantazis, Stefanos A. Nikolidakis and Dimitrios D. Vergados, “Energy-Efficient Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials.

  6. Chunjuan Wei, Junjie Yang, Yanjie Gao, Zhimei Zhang, “Cluster-based Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” 2011 International Conference on Computer Science and Network Technology.

  7. Ahmed Badi, Imad Mahgoub, Fadi Sibai, “Impact of Transmission-related Parameters on the Energy Performance of Cluster-based Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks,” 2011 International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology.

  8. Guangyan Huang, Xiaowei Li, Jing He, “Energy-Efficiency Analysis of Cluster-Based Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEEEAC paper #1088, Version 6, Updated Nov. 21, 2005.

  9. W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, and H. Balakrishnan, “Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol forWireless Microsensor Networks,” Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences – 2000.

  10. Li Qing , Qingxin Zhu, Mingwen Wang, “Design of a distributed energy-efficient clustering algorithm for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks,” Computer Communications 29 (2006) 2230–2237.

  11. G. Smaragdakis, I. Matta, A. Bestavros, “SEP: A Stable Election Protocol for clustered Heterogeneous wireless sensor networks,” Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Sensor and Actor Network Protocol and Applications (SANPA), Boston, U.S.A, 2004, pp. 1-11.

  12. Manjeshwar, E.; Agrawal, D.P., “TEEN: A Routing Protocol for Enhance Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks,” In Proceedings of the 15th International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS), San Francisco, CA, USA, 23–27 April 2001; pp. 2009–2015.

  13. Bencan Gong Tingyao Jiang, “A Tree-Based Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks,” 978-1-4244-8165-1/11/$26.00 ©2011 IEEE.

  14. S. Lindsey and C. Raghavendra: PEGASIS: Power- Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings (2002) 1125-1130.

  15. Yang Peng, Zi Li, Wensheng Zhang, and Daji Qiao, “Prolonging Sensor Network Lifetime through Wireless Charging,” 2010 31st IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium.

  16. Liguang Xie, Yi Shi, Y. Thomas Hou and Hanif D. Sherali, “Making Sensor Networks Immortal: An Energy-Renewal Approach With Wireless Power Transfer,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, Vol. 20, No. 6, December 2012.

  17. Yinggang Bu, Masahiro Nishiyama, Takuto Ueda, Yoshimi Tashima, and Tsutomu Mizuno, “Examination of Wireless Power Transfer Combined With the Utilization of Distance Detection,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 50, No. 11, November 2014.

  18. Liguang Xie, Yi Shi, Y. Thomas Hou, Wenjing Lou, Hanif D. Sherali, and Scott F. Midkiff, “Multi-Node Wireless Energy Charging in Sensor Networks,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, Vol. 23, No. 2, April 2015.

  19. Liguang Xie, Yi Shi, Y. Thomas Hou, Andwenjing Lou, “Wireless Power Transfer and Applications to Sensor Networks,” IEEE Wireless Communications • August 2013.

  20. Xiao Lu, Ping Wang, Dusit Niyato, Dong In Kim, and Zhu Han, “Wireless Networks with RF Energy Harvesting: A Contemporary Survey,” arXiv:1406.6470v6 [cs.NI] 5 Sep 2014.

  21. Melike Erol-Kantarci and Hussein T. Mouftah, University of Ottawa “SuReSense: Sustainable Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks for the Smart Grid,” IEEE Wireless Communications • June 2012.

  22. Vehbi C. Gungor, Bin Lu and Gerhard P. Hancke, “Opportunities and Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks in Smart Grid,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 10, October 2010.

  23. Silvia Jimenez-Fernandez, Paula de Toledo and Francisco del Pozo,“Usability and Interoperability in Wireless Sensor Networks for Patient Tele-monitoring in Chronic Disease Management,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 60, No. 12, December 2013.

  24. Hamid Jabbar, Young. S. Song, Taikyeong Ted. Jeong, “RF Energy Harvesting System􀀃and Circuits for Charging of Mobile Devices,” IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 1, February 2010.

  25. A. Kansal, D. Potter, and M. B. Srivastava, “Performance aware tasking for environmentally powered sensor networks,” SIGMETRICS Perform. Eval. Rev., 32(1):223–234, 2004.

  26. C. Park and P. Chou, “Ambimax: Autonomous energy harvesting platform for multi-supply wireless sensor nodes,” In SECON ’06, pages 168–177, Sept. 2006.

  27. S. M. Jose, J. O. Mur-mir, R. Amirtharajah, A. P. Ch, and J. H. Lang, “Vibration-to-electric energy conversion. IEEE Transactions on Very Large-scale Integration (VLSI) Systems,” 9(1):64–76, Feb 2001.

  28. A. Kurs, A. Karalis, R. Moffatt, J. D. Joannopoulos, P. Fisher, and M. Soljacic, “Wireless power transfer via strongly coupled magnetic resonances,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5834, pp. 83–86, 2007.