Call for Paper 25 April, 2024. Please submit your manuscript via online system or email at

ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Energy Management in Domestic Household to Reduce Monthly Bill through Feedback

Sundus Anwar, Tanvir Ahmad, Fazal-e-Wahab

Vol. 8, Issue 04, PP. 138-146, April 2021


Keywords: Consumption Awareness, Smart Meter, Energy Management

Download PDF

Home energy monitoring and/or management system are tools that could be used by homeowners to increase awareness, which may eventually lead to adoption of energy saving measures. In this technologically advanced era, electricity is essential to support our daily life.  People rely upon electricity to help them go through their everyday schedules either at homes, offices and even at all other places. But with the advancement in technology, the demand-supply gap is also increasing. To overcome the issue, we need to increase generation. A lot of Renewable energy generation projects are under process to produce clean and sustainable energy but, to control the problem completely, we need efficient energy utilization to avoid the wastage of energy. Consumers need to adopt low energy consumption lifestyle through awareness and easy access. Customers usually receive no information on how much various energy appliances cost to operate. If consumer attempt to conserve energy, they receive inadequate information about the energy consumption. Because conventional metering system provide electricity bill at the end of every month and most of the consumers are also unable to understand the information provided by the existing metering system because the energy charge is for kWh and details about patterns of consumption are not available. As a result, the consumer does not realize their household’s consumption. In this paper, we propose an interactive system that will allow the user to define the electricity consumption for a particular month according to their own budget. This system will continuously update the user about their consumed electricity and the current bill calculated based on tariff defined by the utility. At the same time the system will also show the expected projected monthly bill based on the previous average electricity consumption pattern. To establish this two-way flow of data we have designed a mobile application that allows a user to define their targeted electricity consumption for a particular month according to the budget. This app will communicate with the controller to collect electrical parameters and timely inform the consumer about their consumption through feedback that will display both instantaneous and processed data.

  1. Sundus Anwar,, USPCAS-E UET Peshawar Pakistan, Pakistan.
  2. Tanvir Ahmad,, USPCAS-E UET Peshawar Pakistan, Pakistan.
  3. Fazal-e- Wahab,, Dept. of Electrical Engg, Kohat UET Peshawar Pakistan, Pakistan.

Sundus Anwar Tanvir Ahmad Fazal-e-Wahab “Energy Management in Domestic Household to Reduce Monthly Bill through Feedback International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 8 Issue 04 PP. 138-146 April 2021

[1] Introduction to energy management in smart grids VDI-Guideline VDI 4602, page 3, Beuth Verlag, Berlin (2007)

[2] “Brief History of Energy Management ..." Elahee, Mohammad Khalil (2019).  Energy Management Research Journal. 2 (No. 1): 39–49.

[3] Overcoming electricity crisis in Pakistan: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (2017) 72:734-745 Gordhan Valasai, Mohammad Aslam Uqaili Hafeez Ur Rahman Memon; Saleem Raza Samoo

[4] A Survey on Demand Response Programs in Smart Grids: Pricing Methods and Optimization Algorithms John S. Vardakas; Nizar Zorba; Christos V. Verikoukis (2014)

[5] Attitude of Consumer towards Prepaid Meters (2009) Susheem Pandey

[6] Behavioral Change and Building Performance: Strategies for Significant, Persistent, and Measurable Institutional Change AK Wolfe EL Malone J Heerwagen J Dion April (2014)

[7] EEA Technical report No 5/2013 ‘’Achieving energy efficiency through behavior change’’

 [8] “A review of intervention studies aimed at household energy conservation” by Wokje Abrahamse, Linda Steg, Charles Vlek, Talib Rothengatter.

[9] “Understanding usage patterns of electric kettle and energy saving potential” (2015) D.M.Murray J.Liao L.Stankovic V.Stankovic

[10] One Size Does not fit all: Establishing the need for targeted eco-feedback Khosrowpour, Ardalan, Xie, Yimeng, Taylor, John, Hong, Yili. (2016)

[11] Kjeldskov, Jesper, Mikael B. Skov, Jeni Paay, and Rahuvaran Pathmanathan. "Using mobile phones to support sustainability: a field study of residential electricity consumption." (2012)

 [12] Ueno, Tsuyoshi, Fuminori Sano, Osamu Saeki, and Kiichiro Tsuji. "Effectiveness of an energy-consumption information system on energy savings in residential houses based on monitored data." Applied Energy 83, no. 2 (2006): 166-183.

[13] Allera, S. V., and R. A. Sturges. "End-use monitoring with the ‘POEM ‘system." (1996): 208-212. (UK), and the National Grid Company plc. - Datum Solutions (UK)

[14] Ilatchiya, P., M. Sudhakaran, and R. Seyezhai. "Power Management and Control for Domestic Appliances using GSM and Android Application." International Journal of Emerging Technology in Computer Science & Electronics (IJETCSE) 21, no. 3 (2016): 44-49