ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Research on Charging and Discharging of Lithium Ion Battery based on Temperature Controlled Technique



Vol. 6, Issue 05, PP. 153-158, May 2019

DOI

Keywords: Battery Energy Storage System (BESS), lithium ion battery(Li-ion), temperature control circuit, charge, discharge, temperature ranges

Download PDF


With the development of technology and the growing problems of environmental protection and energy shortage, renewable and clean energy power generation is receiving more and more attention. However, due to the randomness and volatility of renewable energy, it has a certain impact on the power grid. Hence, efficient energy storage technology is urgently needed to solve this problem. Therefore, battery energy storage system (BESS) has become one of the hot topic for research. Currently most of the electric energy is being stored in battery storage system. The main tasks of this paper are as follows: firstly, introduce and analyze lithium ion battery storage system and its characteristics, especially the operating temperature ranges of the optimal charging and discharging curves. Secondly, analyze the charge and discharge curve of lithium ion battery in the range of minus 40 degrees Celsius to plus 40 degrees Celsius by simulating temperature dependence model in MATLAB. And through observation, it was found that Lithium Ion Battery has better charge-discharge properties during operation in the range of zero degrees to 40 degrees Celsius. Thirdly, a temperature controlled topological method is proposed to make the lithium ion battery to operate in three temperature ranges respectively: 10 to 20 degrees Celsius, 20 to 30 degrees Celsius and 30 to 40 degrees Celsius. Based on MATLAB and GUI, a program for comparing the charge and discharge performance of lithium-ion battery in different temperature ranges was developed. The conclusions of this paper were verified by the analysis of charging and discharging in these temperature ranges. Finally, an android application is designed to upload battery voltage, temperature and circuit control status in real time. In conclusion, this paper provides some technical support for charging and discharging application of lithium battery energy storage system.


  1. Muhammad Fahad Ali: College of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China

  2. Shi Linjun: College of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China

  3. Irfan Jamil: College of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China

  4. Muhammad Aurangzeb: College of Energy and Electrical Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China


Muhammad Fahad Ali Shi Linjun Irfan Jamil Muhammad Aurangzeb Research on Charging and Discharging of Lithium Ion Battery based on Temperature Controlled Te International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 6 Issue 05 PP. 153-158 May 2019


  1. [1]     F. Ausfelder, “Energy Storage Systems: The Contribution of Chemistry”. Jun.-2017.

  2. [2]     [M. Singh, L. A. Lopes, and N. A. Ninad, “Grid forming Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) for a highly unbalanced hybrid mini-grid,” Elecric Power Systems Research, vol. 127, pp. 126–133, 2015.

  3. [3]     K. Divya and J. Østergaard, “Battery energy storage technology for power systems—An overview,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 511–520, 2009.

  4. [4]     Y. Parvini and A. Vahidi, “Maximizing charging efficiency of lithium-ion and lead-acid batteries using optimal control theory,” 2015 American Control Conference (ACC), 2015.

  5. [5]     T. Sasaki, K. Enomoto, T. Shigematsu, H. Deguchi, “Evaluation Study about Redox Flow Battery Response and its Modeling,” CEPSI Fukuoka (2002)

  6. [6]     X. Luo, J. Wang, M. Dooner, J. Clarke, Overview of current development in electrical energy storage technologies and the application potential in power system operation, Appl. Energy 137 (2015) 511–536.

  7. [7]     A. Oberhofer, “Energy Storage Technologies & Their Role in Renewable Integration”. Jun. - 2012.

  8. [8]     A. Joseph and M. Shahidehpour, “Battery storage systems in electric power systems,” 2006 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2006.

  9. [9]     M. Beaudin, H. Zareipour, A. Schellenberg, and W. Rosehart, “Energy Storage for Mitigating the Variability of Renewable Electricity Sources,” Energy Storage for Smart Grids, pp. 1–33, 2015.

  10. [10]  Association Of European Automotive And Industrial Battery Manufacturers, “Energy Storage for Smart Grids,” 2015.

  11. [11]  H. Zhang, “Redox Flow Battery for Energy Storage,” 2010.

  12. [12]  L. Lu, X. Han, J. Li, J. Hua, M. Ouyang, A review on the key issues for lithium-ion battery management in electric vehicles, Power Sources 226 (2013) 272e288.

  13. [13]  S. Teleke, M. E. Baran, S. Bhattacharya, A. Huang, ―Rule Based Control of Battery Energy Storage for Dispatching Intermittent Renewable Sources, IEEE Trans. Sustainable Energy, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 117–124, Oct. 2010

  14. [14]  Ahmad Rahmoun, Helmuth Biechl, Modeling of Li-ion Battery using equivalent circuit diagrams, ISSN 2012

  15. [15]  U. Rudez and R. Mihalic, “Revealing Disturbance Localization Issues in Large Power Systems,” Engineering and Industry Deregulated Electricity Market Issues in South Eastern Europe, 2015

  16. [16]  X. Luo, J. Wang, M. Dooner, and J. Clarke, “Overview of current development in electrical energy storage technologies and the application potential in power system operation,” Applied Energy, vol. 137, pp. 511–536, 2015.

  17. [17]  S.teleke, M.E. Baran, S. Bhattacharya, A. Huang, “Rule Based Control of Battery Energy Storage for Dispatching intermittent Renewable Sources”, IEEE Trans Sustainable Energy, Vol 1,no.3, pp.117-124, oct 2010.

  18. [18]  I. Plitz, A. D. Pasquier, F. Badway, J. Gural, N. Pereira, A. Gmitter, and G. G. Amatucci, Applied Physics   A, A82, 615- 626 (2006).

  19. [19]  M. Singh, L. A. Lopes, and N. A. Ninad, “Grid forming Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) for a highly unbalanced hybrid mini-grid,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 127, pp. 126–133, 2015.

  20. [20]  Y. Parvini and A. Vahidi, “Maximizing charging efficiency of lithium-ion and lead-acid batteries using optimal control theory,” 2015 American Control Conference (ACC), 2015.