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ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Measuring Access to Energy in Rural Areas of Pakistan: A Multi-Tier Framework Approach


Sheraz Khan, Islam Nabi, Rafi Ullah, Majid Ullah, Syed Kamal


Vol. 8, Issue 12, PP. 289-293, December 2021

DOI

Keywords: Access to energy, Household Electricity Access, Micro Hydro Projects (MHPs), Multi-Tier Framework (MTF)

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The prosperity and living standard of any nation depends on the amount and quality of energy services they are using. The introduction of new technologies and high performance appliances have very much improved the life style as well the economic conditions of people. But still there are many remote areas which are lacking access to clean energy, and most of those are rural areas. This work is focused on northern areas of Pakistan being electrified by off grid systems, mostly Micro Hydro-Projects (MHPs). We have evaluated the World Banks Multi-Tier Framework (MTF) for measuring the household electricity access because the traditional binary indicators are not accurate and might be misleading in some cases. Data from surveys and interviews is used for the targeted areas where Micro Hydro Projects (MHPs) are installed by government as well as national and foreign funding agencies. This study has shown the energy access conditions in Shangla, Kalam and Chitral areas of Pakistan by using a Multi-Tier Framework approach. It has also tried to explain that MTF addresses multiple objectives and it declares that access to energy measurement is highly sensitive to any changes in data availability and parameter values. We have also discussed some of the observations and limitations of this framework that needs some improvement for its application in future.


  1. Sheraz Khan, skhan63@asu.edu, U.S. Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan.
  2. Islam Nabi, , U.S. Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan.
  3. Rafi Ullah, , U.S. Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan.
  4. Majid Ullah, , U.S. Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan.
  5. Syed Kamal, , U.S. Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan.

Sheraz Khan Islam Nabi Rafi Ullah Majid Ullah Syed Kamal Measuring Access to Energy in Rural Areas of Pakistan: A Multi-Tier Framework Approach International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 8 Issue 12 PP. 289-293 December 2021 https://doi.org/10.34259/ijew.21.8012289293.


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