ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Operating Reserves Adequacy in Future Pakistan Power System



Vol. 6, Issue 12, PP. 529-533, December 2019

DOI

Keywords: PFC reserves, Renewable penetration, frequency deviations, inertia, power system

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In this paper estimation of PFC (Primary frequency control) reserves and their adequacy has been investigated. Since Pakistan is aiming to add more renewable generation to its power system to reduce their dependency on fossil fuels and because of their concern about the environmental polution. And this renewable penetration adds variability and complexity to the power grid and doesn’t add inertia to the system. So therefore overall inertia of the system decreases in result of addition of renewables. When the inertia of the system decreases, frequency deviations increases because of the renewable forecast error and other contingencies in the grid. To study thiese frequency deviations expected scenario for Pakistan power system are created for current and future Pakistan power system. From these studies, estimation of PFC reserves are made in this paper for future Pakistan power system. This paper also explain the frequency instability arises due to high renewable integration in power system and their feasible solutions for future Pakistan power system.


  1. Zafar Ahmad, , Department of Electrical Energy System Engineering, US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy , (USPCAS-E), UET, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  2. Syed Afzal Shah, , Department of Electrical Energy System Engineering, US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy , (USPCAS-E), UET, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  3. Israr Uddin, , Department of Electrical Energy System Engineering, US-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy , (USPCAS-E), UET, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Zafar Ahmad Syed Afzal Shah and Israr Uddin Operating Reserves Adequacy in Future Pakistan Power System International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 6 Issue 12 PP. 529-533 December 2019


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