Pakistan has been blessed with one of the highest direct solar radiation in the world. This provides great opportunity for harvesting clean energy. The rapid urbanization leads to higher energy demand per capita. This in conjunction with the global commitment to curb environmental impacts of conventional energy calls for investing and exploring the renewable energy resources. To study the concentrated solar power (CSP) based technology for Pakistan, a 20 MW of parabolic trough concentrated solar power plant with six hours thermal energy storage (TES) has been designed and simulated in this study. Quetta has been chosen for the technical feasibility of proposed power plant where annual direct normal irradiance (DNI) is 2206 kWh/m2. The power plant consists of 33 numbers of loops each one has aperture area 5248 m2 with a solar multiple of 2. VP-1 is chosen as heat transfer fluid (HTF) due to its high thermal stability and high melting point. The proposed CSP plant can generate annual electricity of 58.4 GWH with a capacity factor of 37.1 %. The simulation results indicate that proposed power plant can produced high amount of energy and such power plant can be installed to overcome the energy crisis of Pakistan.
Muhammad Raheel khan Muhammad Arif khattak Muhammad Yousaf Abidullah Lutf ur Rehman Performance Analysis of a Parabolic trough Concentrated Solar Power Technology in Pakistan International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 7 Issue 02 PP. 161-166 February 2020 https://doi.org/10.34259/ijew.20.702161166.
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