ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Performance Study of Thermoelectric Generator Using Waste Heat



Vol. 6, Issue 08, PP. 244-248, August 2019

DOI

Keywords: Bi2Te3 TEG, waste heat recovery, thermoelectric system, thermoelectric modules

Download PDF


There is alot waste heat from power consuming companies. This waste heat is added to atmosphere, which is unusable and it adds to global warming.  Most of energy sources are consumed by energy sectors. These sectors are energy spending sectors all over world. Consequently, they are answerable for the discharging huge quantity of heat to the atmosphere. This heat is called waste heat which is in form of hot exhaust gases or other hot discharges. Since high prices of sources and wastage of heat made us to think that to recover its energy. It will benefit us from two perspectives in which first one is decreasing carbon amount in discharges and second one is this energy is cheap. Moreover, decreasing the ecological impact. Heat recovery via thermoelectric modules enables us to recover the waste contents with energy. Thermoelectric generator (TEG) is a semiconductor device. TEG module is made which produce electrical voltages whenever thermal gradient is developed on its surfaces. The study of TEG performace is presented in this paper. Voltage, current and power produced  are the performance charateristics of TEG. The increase and decrease of temperature difference on both the surfaces of TEG module will show the output results increasing and decreasing respectively [1].


  1. Said Ali: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

  2. Naeem Arbab: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan.

  3. Muhammad Bais: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

  4. Nisar Ahmad: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan

  5. Uzair Muhammad: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan


Said Ali Naeem Arbab Muhammad Bais Nisar Ahmad and Uzair Muhammad Performance Study of Thermoelectric Generator Using Waste Heat International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 6 Issue 08 PP. 244-248 August 2019


  1. BP. BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014; Available from: http://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/pdf/Energy-economics/statistical-review- 2014/BP- statistical-review-of-world-energy-2014-full-report.pdf

  2. Fleurial, J.-P., Thermoelectric power generation materials: Technology and application opportunities. JOM Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 2009. 61(4): p. 79- 85.

  3. Tchanche, B.F., et al., Low-grade heat conversion into power using organic Rankine cycles–A review of various applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2011. 15(8): p. 3963-3979.

  4. Hamid Elsheikh, M., et al., A review on thermoelectric renewable energy: Principle parameters that affect their performance. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014. 30: p. 337-355.

  5. Ismail, B.I. and W.H. Ahmed, Thermoelectric Power Generation Using Waste- Heat Energy as an Alternative Green Technology. Recent Patents on Electrical Engineering, 2009. 2(1).

  6. Jiin-Yuh Jang, Ying-Chi Tsai, "Optimization of thermoelectric generator module spacing and spreader thickness used in a waste heat recovery system," Elsevier, no. 51, pp. 677-689, 2012.

  7. Laia Miró, Jaume Gasia, Luisa F. Cabeza, “Thermal energy storage (TES) for industrial waste heat (IWH) recovery:A review,” Elsevier, p. 285, 2016.

  8. Tongcai Wang, Weiling Luan , Wei Wang, Shan-Tung Tu, "Waste heat recovery through plate heat exchanger based thermoelectric generator system," Elsevier, p. 860, 2014.

  9. Cynthia Haddad, Christelle Périlhon, Amélie Danlos, Maurice-Xavier François, Georges Descombes, "Some efficient solutions to recover low and medium waste heat: competitiveness of the thermoacoustic technology," in The International Conference on Technologies and Materials for Renewable Energy, Environment and Sustainability, TMREES14, Paris, 2014.

  10. S. Spoelstra, M.E.H. Tijani, Thermoacoustic heat pumps for energy savings," in Presented at the seminar "Boundary crossing acoustics" of the Acoustical Society of the Netherlands, Netherlands, 2005.

  11. Fitriani, R.Ovik , B.D.Long , M.C.Barma, M.Riaz , M.F.M.Sabri , S.M.Said ,, "A review on nano structures of high – temperature thermoelectric materials for waste heat recovery," Elsevier, p. 636, 2016.

  12. Law, R., A. Harvey, and D. Reay, Opportunities for low-grade heat recovery in the UK food processing industry. Applied thermal engineering, 2013. 53(2): p. 188-196.

  13. Jorge Vázquez, Miguel A. Sanz-Bobi, Rafael Palacios, Antonio Arenas “State of the Art of Thermoelectric Generators Based on Heat Recovered from the Exhaust Gases of Automobiles” .