ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Potential & Current Status of Solar Energy in Pakistan Policy, Planning & Strategy



Vol. 7, Issue 02, PP. 98-108, February 2020

DOI

Keywords: Tariff, generation facility, renewable energy, sustainable, subsidize, irradiation, solar isolation, policy, transmission charges

Download PDF


When we study about, analyze & understand the basic needs of human beings, we come to know that energy is the most primitive need of human being. The developed countries of Asia, Europe Africa & Australia, the standard of life of the inhabitants is high because of per capita consumption of these countries is high. In short status of energy in a country defines the high standard of living within a country. When we analyze the energy condition of Pakistan, we come to know that, Pakistan right now is facing a huge energy crisis, lowering down the economy of the country. This is because of the dependency of power plants on conventional sources of energy such as coal, diesel & other thermal resources, lack of proper policy making & the implementation of existing policy. The study I carried out will point out the problems related to policies & problems within the departments that hider the development of energy power plants for non-conventional & renewable energy sources.   We’ll find out, how to get rid of the problems we face regarding the development of renewable energy projects in general & solar energy projects in particular in policy prospective. We need to know that despite of huge potential of energy why are we lacking behind? What are the steps forward to counter the problems? I will try to sort out the problem keeping policy prospective in mind particularly of solar energy.

Many of the developed countries in Europe, Australia & Asia utilize energy from the sun for the generation of electrical & thermal energy, have developed solar energy policies.  United States, China & Germany are the most successful countries, generating most of the energy from solar & wind power.  The reason behind the successful utilization of energy from the sun by these countries is because of their up-to-date policies, planning & strategies. These policies, planning & strategies includes immunity from tax, subsidizations of the projects, convincible bills & tariff, & provision of incentives & many more profit oriented steps that had been defined in the literature below. The renewable energy policies in general & solar energy policies in particular implemented by the above mentioned countries provide us with huge amount of motivations & tactics to develop a framework to develop solar energy projects, both of solar thermal & photovoltaic in the urban as well as in the rural areas of the country. Moreover, the framework for off grid & on grid system, rooftop system, onshore & offshore systems presented by these developed countries can also be followed if comparable to the conditions of our country.


Sobab Khan: Center.For.Advanced.Studies.In.Energy University of Engineering and Tecnology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan

Mudasar Rashid: Center.For.Advanced.Studies.In.Energy University of Engineering and Tecnology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan

Muhammad Aitezaz Husain: Center.For.Advanced.Studies.In.Energy University of Engineering and Tecnology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan

Ahtasham Rahim: Center.For.Advanced.Studies.In.Energy University of Engineering and Tecnology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan

Sami Ullah Shah: Center.For.Advanced.Studies.In.Energy University of Engineering and Tecnology, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan


Sobab Khan Mudasar Rashid Muhammad Aitezaz Husain Ahtasham Rahim Sami Ullah Shah Potential & Current Status of Solar Energy in Pakistan Policy Planning & Strategy International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 7 Issue 02 PP. 98-108 February 2020 https://doi.org/10.34259/ijew.20.70298108.


[1]      PMD (Pakistan Metrological Department), Islamabad, Pakistan www.pmd.gov.pk

[2]      S. Adnan, A. H. Khan, S. Haider, and R. Mahmood, “Solar energy potential in Pakistan,” Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol. 4, no. 3, p. 032701, 2012.Muhammad Zaid Azam;

[3]      “The Scope of Solar Energy in Pakistan”  15 March  2012

[4]      Abdul Basit: “Solar Energy in Pakistan” 11th Sep, 2012

[5]      Azmat Hayat Khan,1 Shahzada Adnan,1  Sajjad Haider,1 & Rashed Mahmood2 “Solar Energy Potential in Pakistan” May 2012

[6]      U. K. Mirza, M. Maroto-Valer, and N. Ahmad, “Status and outlook of solar energy use in Pakistan,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 501–514, 2003.Nasir Ahmad ,Umar K. Mirza , M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer  : “Status of solar energy use in Pakistan”  30 June 2003 pg# 10-11

[7]      AEDB (Alternate Energy Development Board), www.aedb.org.

[8]      PPIB (Private Power Infrastructure Board) www.ppib.org.pk

[9]      PEDO (Pakhtoonkhwa Energy Development Organization) www.pedo.kpk.org.pk

[10]   “Role of feed in tarrif in developing countries, a toolkit for parlimentation” EEDN for Africa (AFREPREN); 2014