ISSN E 2409-2770
ISSN P 2521-2419

Rural Electrification Through an Efficient Regulated System



Vol. 6, Issue 08, PP. 253-257, August 2019

DOI

Keywords: Buck converter, permanent magnet synchronous generator, hydrokinetic

Download PDF


Due to the environmental concerns the focus is on clean energy generation globally. Hydrokinetic is one such emerging technology that is clean and abundantly available in Pakistan. Also we have energy crises so in areas where these resources are abundant if fed from locally generated electricity, the load on central grid can be reduced. This paper focuses on a battery-less system for hydrokinetics. PMSG is used and then a rectifier to convert its output to DC. This changing DC is then converted to a fixed 12 volts and regulated. Eliminating storage the output of this converter is fed to a UPS which changes it to alternating current of fixed voltage and frequency.


  1. Muhammad Safdar: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and technology Peshawar, Pakistan
  2. Alamgir Ahmad Khattak: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and technology Peshawar, Pakistan
  3. Asad Nawaz Khan: Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and technology Peshawar, Pakistan
  4. Abdul Basit:  Department of Electrical Energy Systems Engineering, US Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and technology Peshawar, Pakistan

Muhammad Safdar Alamgir Ahmad Khattak Asad Nawaz Khan and Abdul Basit Rural Electrification Through an Efficient Regulated System International Journal of Engineering Works Vol. 6 Issue 08 PP. 253-257 August 2019


  1. [1]     Dudley, Bob. "BP statistical review of world energy." London, UK (2012).

  2. [2]     Hartwick, John M. "Natural resources, national accounting and economic depreciation." Journal of public Economics 43.3 (1990): 291-304.

  3. [3]     Awan, Ahmad Bilal, and Zeeshan Ali Khan. "Recent progress in renewable energy–Remedy of energy crisis in Pakistan." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 33 (2014): 236-253.

  4. [4]     Khalil, Hafiz Bilal, and Syed Jawad Hussain Zaidi. "Energy crisis and potential of solar energy in Pakistan." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 31 (2014): 194-201.

  5. [5]     Asif, Muhammad. "Energy crisis in Pakistan: Origins, challenges, and sustainable solutions." OUP Catalogue (2012).

  6. [6]      Masood, Muhammad Tahir, and Fawad Shah. "Dilemma of third world countries-problems facing pakistan energy crisis a case-in-point." International Journal of Business and Management 7.5 (2012): 231.

  7. [7]     Yazhou, Lei. "Studies on wind farm integration into power system [J]." Automation of Electric Power Systems 27.8 (2003): 84-89.

  8. [8]     Bhutta, Muhammad Mahmood Aslam, et al. "Vertical axis wind turbine–A review of various configurations and design techniques." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16.4 (2012): 1926-1939.

  9. [9]     Shakeel, Shah Rukh, Josu Takala, and Waqas Shakeel. "Renewable energy sources in power generation in Pakistan." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 64 (2016): 421-434.

  10. [10]  Rauf, Omer, et al. "An overview of energy status and development in Pakistan." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 48 (2015): 892-931.

  11. [11]  Kusakana, Kanzumba, and Herman Jacobus Vermaak. "Hydrokinetic power generation for rural electricity supply: Case of South Africa." Renewable energy 55 (2013): 467-473.

  12. [12]  Behrouzi, Fatemeh, et al. "Global renewable energy and its potential in Malaysia: A review of Hydrokinetic turbine technology." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 62 (2016): 1270-1281.

  13. [13]  Chica, E., et al. "Design of a hydrokinetic turbine." WIT Trans. Ecol. Environ 195 (2015): 137-148.

  14. [14]  Lago, L. I., F. L. Ponta, and L. Chen. "Advances and trends in hydrokinetic turbine systems." Energy for sustainable development 14.4 (2010): 287-296.

  15. [15]  De Battista, Hernan, Ricardo J. Mantz, and Carlos F. Christiansen. "Dynamical sliding mode power control of wind driven induction generators." IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 15.4 (2000): 451-457.

  16. [16]  Malinowski, Mariusz, Marian P. Kazmierkowski, and Andrzej M. Trzynadlowski. "A comparative study of control techniques for PWM rectifiers in AC adjustable speed drives." IEEE Transactions on power electronics 18.6 (2003): 1390-1396.

  17. [17]  Hansen, Anca D., and Gabriele Michalke. "Modelling and control of variable‐speed multi‐pole permanent magnet synchronous generator wind turbine." Wind Energy: An International Journal for Progress and Applications in Wind Power Conversion Technology 11.5 (2008): 537-554.

  18. [18]  Barnes, Arthur K., Juan C. Balda, and Corris M. Stewart. "Selection of converter topologies for distributed energy resources." 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC). IEEE, 2012.

  19. [19]  Nishijima, K & Harada, K & Nakano, T & Nabeshima, Toshitaka & Sato, T. (2005). Analysis of Double Step-Down Two-Phase Buck Converter for VRM. 497 - 502. 10.1109/INTLEC.2005.335149.

  20. [20]  Wu, Wenkai, Nai-Chi Lee, and George Schuellein. "Multi-phase buck converter design with two-phase coupled inductors." Twenty-First Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2006. APEC06. IEEE, 2006.